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Properties of colour – Hue, Value, Intensity

Properties of Colour

Colour is a characteristic of human visual perception whereby different wavelengths are perceived with concepts.

Color is a figment of our imagination.

The three main properties of colour are

  • Hue
  • Value
  • Intensity

Hue

  • Hue is the pure form of color that has not mixed with black or white
  • Hue is the another name of color
  • Hue represents a specific wavelength of color
  • A hue is a color that is in the color spectrum
  • Example: hues are basic colors like red, blue, green, yellow, orange, violet.

Value

  • Value is the lightness or darkness of color it reflects to black and white.
  • We can change the value of a color by adding black or white to it.
  • Value refers to lightness or darkness of color (tint, shade, tone)

TINT = HUE MIXED WITH WHITE

SHADE = HUE MIXED WITH BLACK

TONE = HUE MIXED WITH GREY

White, black and grey are referred to as values without hue or intensity

TINT

  • Tint is made by adding white to pure or original color.
  • By adding white the color becomes lighter than the original color.
  • A tint is lighter and has higher reflective value than original color.
  • For example, we can make red lighter by mixing with various traces of white.
  • To remember shade easily you can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly lighten by adding small amounts of white.

SHADE

  • Shade is made by adding black to pure or original color.
  • By adding black the color becomes darker than the original color.
  • A shade is darker and has lower reflective value than original color.
  • For example, we can make red darker by mixing with various traces of black.
  • To remember shade easily yo can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly darken by adding small amounts of black.

TONE

  • Tone is made by adding gray to a pure color or original color.
  • By adding grey, the color becomes softer than the original color.
  • Tone can be lighter or darker depending on the traces of grey.

Intensity

  • Intensity refers to brightness or dullness of a color.
  • Brightness is the degree to which a color appears to be radiating light.
  • Adding white, black or grey will alter the intensity and value of it.
  • Mixing the hue with complementary color changes the intensity.
  • The highest intensity is the hue as it appears in the color wheel.
  • You can make colors less intense (duller) by mixing them with grey.
  • Creates an illusion of depth.
  • Less intense colors-example-blue.
  • More intense colors-example-yellow, red, orange.

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