Properties of colour – Hue, Value, Intensity
Properties of Colour
Colour is a characteristic of human visual perception whereby different wavelengths are perceived with concepts.
Color is a figment of our imagination.
The three main properties of colour are
- Hue is the pure form of color that has not mixed with black or white
- Hue is the another name of color
- Hue represents a specific wavelength of color
- A hue is a color that is in the color spectrum
- Example: hues are basic colors like red, blue, green, yellow, orange, violet.
- Value is the lightness or darkness of color it reflects to black and white.
- We can change the value of a color by adding black or white to it.
- Value refers to lightness or darkness of color (tint, shade, tone)
TINT = HUE MIXED WITH WHITE
SHADE = HUE MIXED WITH BLACK
TONE = HUE MIXED WITH GREY
White, black and grey are referred to as values without hue or intensity
- Tint is made by adding white to pure or original color.
- By adding white the color becomes lighter than the original color.
- A tint is lighter and has higher reflective value than original color.
- For example, we can make red lighter by mixing with various traces of white.
- To remember shade easily you can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly lighten by adding small amounts of white.
- Shade is made by adding black to pure or original color.
- By adding black the color becomes darker than the original color.
- A shade is darker and has lower reflective value than original color.
- For example, we can make red darker by mixing with various traces of black.
- To remember shade easily yo can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly darken by adding small amounts of black.
- Tone is made by adding gray to a pure color or original color.
- By adding grey, the color becomes softer than the original color.
- Tone can be lighter or darker depending on the traces of grey.
- Intensity refers to brightness or dullness of a color.
- Brightness is the degree to which a color appears to be radiating light.
- Adding white, black or grey will alter the intensity and value of it.
- Mixing the hue with complementary color changes the intensity.
- The highest intensity is the hue as it appears in the color wheel.
- You can make colors less intense (duller) by mixing them with grey.
- Creates an illusion of depth.
- Less intense colors-example-blue.
- More intense colors-example-yellow, red, orange.