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Types of Ceilings: As per Appearance or Construction

Types of Ceilings

  • Ceilings are defined as finished surface concealing the underside of a roof or floor of a story above. It is an overhead interior surface that covers the upper limits of a room.

According to their Appearance or Construction

There are different types of ceilings that vary in appearance and construction.

1.Conventional Ceiling

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Most common and standard type of ceiling used in residential spaces with an average height of 8′-10′.

It is a flat surface with a standard and accessible height with no special features except ceiling lights. It is the most cost-effective ceiling type.

Conventional ceilings can be made decorative by adding cornices at the corners or by adding plaster of pairs flower design in the centre of the ceiling.

2.Dropped Ceiling

Also known as false ceiling/suspended ceiling. A dropped ceiling is a secondary ceiling suspended/hung from the main ceiling.

A void is created between the underside of the main roof and top of the suspended ceiling. This allows you to easily install and conceal HVAC services, firefighting. plumbing or electrical depending on the requirement.

Commonly used in commercial and industrial buildings and also for residential spaces.

3.Coffered Ceiling

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A coffered ceiling is group or series of sunken panels in various shapes (square, rectangle, octagon) like a grid pattern. Often used as a decorative feature and provides structural strength. They create a visual depth and lighter classic feel to the indoor.

Traditionally they were made from stone but in modern times they are made with timber and PVC panel to create the feel of traditional design.

4.Cathedral Ceiling

A cathedral ceiling is a tall ceiling area similar to rising like a church cathedral overhead. They are typically symmetrical, rising to meet at a ridge in the middle forming an upside-down v shape. Usually soaring to height 15′ or higher.

They create an open spacious and airy feel to a room and add elegance.

5.Exposed Beam Ceiling

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This type of ceiling is where the beams are exposed internally rather than covered. Exposed beams create visually compelling aesthetic feature and add a rustic style to the room.

Beams made of hardwood creates an interesting depth and contrast to the ceiling especially when the ceiling is light in color.

Exposed beams in loft spaces create an open and industrial feel. Mostly used in large spaces in living and dining areas adding visual interest.

6.Tray Ceiling

Image source – Broderick builders

Tray ceiling resembles an inverted tray with a center having more depth than the rest of the ceiling. The tray can be 6″ to 1′ deeper, sometimes by adding a series of steps or by slope.

A small room can look larger creating a beautiful open style throughout the room. Tray ceilings can also be dropped creating a false ceiling. Usually seen in residential living, dining and kitchen areas.

7.Coved Ceiling

Image source – Wikipedia

A cove ceiling has curved edges instead of sharp edges.

It is applied as a molding creating a concave curve between the wall and ceiling.

They are paired with conventional ceilings or tray ceilings to enhance the appearance of ceiling.

Coved ceilings have many different designs.

8.Vaulted Ceiling

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Vaulted ceiling peaks at the center of the room. They form an angle running upwards to the roofline

They create an open spacious and airy feel to a room and add elegance

Adding skylights to the vaulted ceiling enhances the appearance and also brightens up the room

9.Barrel Vault Ceiling

Image source – California cabinets

Barrel vault ceiling is curved, rounded upward and runs the whole length of the room. Resembles like a barrel which is cut half and attached to the ceiling.

Traditional barrel vault ceilings were of stone and brick, in modern times, they are created in lighter tones of wood or in plain white. Ceilings with brick create a traditional and European sense of style.

Often seen in entryways or long hallways.

10.Groin Vault Ceiling

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Groin vault ceiling consists of partial arches and domes which meet at the center.

Creates a stylized raised look and spacious with a unique feel. Usually seen in dining and kitchen areas.

11.Shed Ceiling

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Shed ceiling rise upwards from a lower point creating an angle on one side. Usually seen in homes with attic spaces.

Adding skylights to the shed ceiling enhances the appearance and also illuminates the whole space.

12.Dome Ceiling

Have a spherical shape forming a dome above the ceiling either a part of room or whole space. Usually seen in hallways, living rooms and above staircases.

Adding a hanging crystal chandelier enhances and brings a visual treat to the space. They provide a space with grandeur and opulence.

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