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Ceramics and Type of Finishes

Ceramics

The most common types of tiles are ceramic and porcelain tiles and are mostly regarded as the best choice for wall tiles as they are affordable, versatile and easy to maintain and clean.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile is made from a mixture of natural clays, sand and water and shaped into different sizes and shapes. Once the ceramic tile has been shaped, it is burnt to a certain temperature.

Water absorption rate of ceramic tile is greater than 3%.

Porcelain Tile

Porcelain tile is harder and denser than ceramic and made with refined and purified clay

It is pressed at higher temperatures than ceramic tile

Water absorption rate is less than 1%

Pros

  • Very durable and extremely tough
  • Polished tiles are water and stain resistant
  • Easy to maintain and stain resistant
  • Can complement any design style
  • Affordable
  • Water and fire-resistant

Cons

  • Hard and cold surface to walk
  • May be heavy for upper floors
  • Time-consuming to install
  • Should not be installed outdoors

Aesthetics

Type of Finish

Textured

  • Surface with a variety of finishes. Slip resistant.

Lapatto

  • Polished but not deep enough to attain the luster of a full reflective polish.
  • Uneven nature

Glazed

  • Glazed tile has an additional layer of liquid glass applied to the top during the final firing process.
  • Nonabsorbent in nature.

Glossy

  • Have a shiny surface coating.
  • Reflective surface brightens up the space

Matte

  • Granular and hard surface, non-reflective.
  • Suitable for rustic or traditional look.
  • Slip-resistant

Unglazed/Natural

  • Do not have a protective coating
  • Absorbs liquids and can be stained easily
  • Natural and earthy appearance

Honed

  • Surface polished in satin finish
  • Scratch-resistant

Shape

Square, Rectangle, Hexagonal/octagonal, Picket, Plank, Linear.

Thickness

3mm,5mm

Tile Pattern

Geometric, Beveled, Brick joint, Floral, Honeycomb, Interlocking, Staggered

Tile Look

Brick, concrete, wood, stone, metal, hand-painted, subway

Edge Type

Beveled, chiseled, flat, straight and wavy, pressed

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