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25+ Amazing Architectural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Some of India’s breathtaking architectural marvels are among those identified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites due to their enduring historical importance and splendor.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

The Taj Mahal, Agra 

The Taj Mahal, one of the most recognizable buildings in the world, is a mausoleum constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

UNESCO World Heritage sites
Taj Mahal; Image source: th.bing.com

The Agra Fort 

The Agra Fort, a sizable red sandstone fort that housed the Mughal rulers’ palace until the end of the 16th century, was by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

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The Agra Fort; Image source: wallpapercave.com

Fatehpur Sikri, Agra

Fatehpur Sikri, an abandoned city that served as the Mughal Empire’s temporary capital, is known for its stunning architectural features and elaborately carved limestone palaces.

Fathepur sikri
Fatehpur Sikri; Image source: shutterstock.com

Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

The Mughal emperor Humayun is laid to rest in Humayun’s Tomb, a magnificent specimen of the style of Mughal architecture.

Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi; Image source: th.bing.com

Red Fort Complex, Delhi

For more than 200 years, the Mughal rulers called the Red Fort Complex home. It is a magnificent example of Mughal architecture.

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Red Fort; Image source: bing.com

Delhi’s Qutub Minar and its Monuments 

The Qutub Minar, a high minaret constructed of red sandstone and marble and surrounded by numerous other historic buildings, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Image source: i.pinimg.com

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat 

This archaeological park is home to several antiquated buildings that serve as examples of India’s rich cultural past.

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Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat; Image source: bing.com

Rani Ki Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell), Gujarat 

Queen Udayamati erected this exquisite stepwell in honor of her late husband. It is an architectural masterpiece.

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The Queen’s Stepwell; Image source: bing.com

Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka 

The Group of Monuments at Hampi is a collection of historic temples, palaces, and other buildings that showcase the design prowess of the empire of Vijayanagara.

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Monuments at Hampi; Image source: indianholiday.uk

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka 

The ten ancient temples that make up this group in Pattadakal are outstanding representations of Dravidian and Nagara architecture.

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Monuments at Pattadakal; Image source: preview. redd.it

Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra

These historic caves on Elephanta Island sorts as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are home to beautiful carvings and sculptures that bear witness to India’s rich cultural history.

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Elephanta Caves; Image source: bing.com

Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra

The Ajanta Caves are a collection of 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave temples that date back to the 2nd century BC and are home to exquisite murals and carvings.

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Ajanta caves; Image source: bing.com

Maharashtra’s Ellora Caves 

The Ellora Caves are a collection of 34 monasteries and temples carved into the rock that date back to the sixth century includes as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Ellora caves; Image source: bing.com

Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha 

This architectural wonder from the 13th century is well-known for its elaborate carvings of Hindu gods and goddesses.

UNESCO World Heritage site
Sun temple; Image source: th.bing.com

The Mahabalipuram Group of Monuments, Tamil Nadu

The Mahabalipuram Group of Monuments is a collection of ancient temples, caves carved out of rock, and bas-reliefs that serve as a reminder of India’s rich cultural legacy.

UNESCO World Heritage site
Mahabalipuram Group of Monuments; Image source: tripadvisor.in

Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 

This temple from the 11th century is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its tall gopuram and well-carved statues.

Brihadeeswarar Temple; Image source: bing.com

Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh

This group of monuments, which includes the Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikondacholapuram Temple, and Airavatesvara Temple, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

UNESCO World Heritage site
Khajuraho Group of Monuments; Image source: wiki.com

Sanchi Stupa in Madhya Pradesh, India 

The Sanchi Stupa, a Buddhist structure from the third century BC, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that also has several historic stupas, monasteries, and temples.

Sanchi Stupa; Image source: travelandtrekking.com

Group of Monuments at Mandu

Monuments from the 11th to the 16th centuries are included in this. Among them are mosques, palaces, pavilions, and rock-cut tombs and temples.

UNESCO World Heritage site
Monuments of Mandu; Image source: vacationindia.com

Churches and Convents of Goa

(Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se Cathedral, Church of St. Francis of Assisi, and Church of St. Cajetan), Goa. These churches and convents include on the UNESCO World Heritage List and are known for their magnificent Baroque and Renaissance architecture.

Churches of Goa; Image source: afar.com

The Hill Forts of Rajasthan

This site includes six forts, the Chittor Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort, and Jaisalmer Fort. These four forts, which are known for their spectacular architecture and historical significance, are a tribute to India’s rich cultural history.

UNESCO World Heritage site
Image source:telanganatoday.com

Le Corbusier’s Architectural Work in Chandigarh, Punjab

The architectural creations of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, contain several structures that serve as examples of the modernist movement in architecture.

Image source: Designboom.com

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (previously Victoria Terminus), Maharashtra

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of India’s busiest railway stations and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a spectacular example of Victorian Gothic architecture.

UNESCO World Heritage site
Image source: fabhotels.com

Jantar Mantar, Jaipur

The City Palace complex, built in the 18th century, is a stunning example of Rajput architecture, while the Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory that dates back to the 18th century.

Jantar Mantar; Image source: en.wikipedia.org

Nalanda Mahavihara, Bihar

In the fifth century CE, in what is now the Indian state of Bihar, Nalanda Mahavihara recognizes as a Buddhist monastery and a center of study. In 2016, UNESCO designated it as a World Heritage Site.

UNESCO World Heritage site

By Srajati Tiwari

A young and enthusiastic learner who enjoys experimenting with the complexity of architecture in light of the evolving environment and the way society functions, while also being mindful of the sustainability aspect and the history of the specific area or build. I think that words and architecture assist individuals in expressing their deepest selves & aim to calm curiosity with a pen and tame the endless why’s and hows through a research method followed with meticulous attention to detail.

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