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Properties of colour – Hue, Value, Intensity

Properties of Colour

Colour is a characteristic of human visual perception whereby different wavelengths are perceived with concepts.

Color is a figment of our imagination.

The three main properties of colour are

  • Hue
  • Value
  • Intensity

Hue

Hue is the pure form of color that has not mixed with black or white

Hue is the another name of color

Hue represents a specific wavelength of color

A hue is a color that is in the color spectrum

Example: hues are basic colors like red, blue, green, yellow, orange, violet.

Value

Value is the lightness or darkness of color it reflects to black and white.

We can change the value of a color by adding black or white to it.

Value refers to lightness or darkness of color (tint, shade, tone)

TINT = HUE MIXED WITH WHITE

SHADE = HUE MIXED WITH BLACK

TONE = HUE MIXED WITH GREY

White, black and grey are referred to as values without hue or intensity

TINT

Tint is made by adding white to pure or original color.

By adding white the color becomes lighter than the original color

A tint is lighter and has higher reflective value than original color

For example, we can make red lighter by mixing with various traces of white

To remember shade easily you can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly lighten by adding small amounts of white

SHADE

Shade is made by adding black to pure or original color.

By adding black the color becomes darker than the original color

A shade is darker and has lower reflective value than original color

For example, we can make red darker by mixing with various traces of black

To remember shade easily yo can start with hue (ex. Red as shown) and slowly darken by adding small amounts of black.

TONE

Tone is made by adding gray to a pure color or original color.

By adding grey, the color becomes softer than the original color

Tone can be lighter or darker depending on the traces of grey

Intensity

Intensity refers to brightness or dullness of a color

Brightness is the degree to which a color appears to be radiating light.

Adding white, black or grey will alter the intensity and value of it

Mixing the hue with complementary color changes the intensity

The highest intensity is the hue as it appears in the color wheel

You can make colors less intense (duller) by mixing them with grey

Creates an illusion of depth

Less intense colors-example-blue

More intense colors-example-yellow, red, orange

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