Ceramics and Type of Finishes
The most common types of tiles are ceramic and porcelain tiles and are mostly regarded as the best choice for wall tiles as they are affordable, versatile and easy to maintain and clean.
Ceramic tile is made from a mixture of natural clays, sand and water and shaped into different sizes and shapes. Once the ceramic tile has been shaped, it is burnt to a certain temperature.
Water absorption rate of ceramic tile is greater than 3%.
Porcelain tile is harder and denser than ceramic and made with refined and purified clay
It is pressed at higher temperatures than ceramic tile
Water absorption rate is less than 1%
- Very durable and extremely tough
- Polished tiles are water and stain resistant
- Easy to maintain and stain resistant
- Can complement any design style
- Water and fire-resistant
- Hard and cold surface to walk
- May be heavy for upper floors
- Time-consuming to install
- Should not be installed outdoors
Type of Finish
Surface with a variety of finishes. Slip resistant.
Polished but not deep enough to attain the luster of a full reflective polish
Glazed tile has an additional layer of liquid glass applied to the top during the final firing process
Nonabsorbent in nature.
Have a shiny surface coating
Reflective surface brightens up the space
Granular and hard surface, non-reflective
Suitable for rustic or traditional look
Do not have a protective coating
Absorbs liquids and can be stained easily
Natural and earthy appearance
Surface polished in satin finish
Square, Rectangle, Hexagonal/octagonal, Picket, Plank, Linear.
Geometric, Beveled, Brick joint, Floral, Honeycomb, Interlocking, Staggered
Brick, concrete, wood, stone, metal, hand-painted, subway
Beveled, chiseled, flat, straight and wavy, pressed