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Ceramics and Type of Finishes

Ceramics

The most common types of tiles are ceramic and porcelain tiles and are mostly regarded as the best choice for wall tiles as they are affordable, versatile and easy to maintain and clean.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile is made from a mixture of natural clays, sand and water and shaped into different sizes and shapes. Once the ceramic tile has been shaped, it is burnt to a certain temperature.

Water absorption rate of ceramic tile is greater than 3%.

Porcelain Tile

Porcelain tile is harder and denser than ceramic and made with refined and purified clay

It is pressed at higher temperatures than ceramic tile

Water absorption rate is less than 1%

Pros

  • Very durable and extremely tough
  • Polished tiles are water and stain resistant
  • Easy to maintain and stain resistant
  • Can complement any design style
  • Affordable
  • Water and fire-resistant

Cons

  • Hard and cold surface to walk
  • May be heavy for upper floors
  • Time-consuming to install
  • Should not be installed outdoors

Aesthetics

Type of Finish

Textured

Surface with a variety of finishes. Slip resistant.

Lapatto

Polished but not deep enough to attain the luster of a full reflective polish

Uneven nature

Glazed

Glazed tile has an additional layer of liquid glass applied to the top during the final firing process

Nonabsorbent in nature.

Glossy

Have a shiny surface coating

Reflective surface brightens up the space

Matte

Granular and hard surface, non-reflective

Suitable for rustic or traditional look

Slip-resistant

Unglazed/Natural

Do not have a protective coating

Absorbs liquids and can be stained easily

Natural and earthy appearance

Honed

Surface polished in satin finish

Scratch-resistant

Shape

Square, Rectangle, Hexagonal/octagonal, Picket, Plank, Linear.

Thickness

3mm,5mm

Tile Pattern

Geometric, Beveled, Brick joint, Floral, Honeycomb, Interlocking, Staggered

Tile Look

Brick, concrete, wood, stone, metal, hand-painted, subway

Edge Type

Beveled, chiseled, flat, straight and wavy, pressed

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