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Panelling-Engineered Wood Types used in Interiors

There are different wood types used for wall paneling. Below are the most commonly used for wall paneling:

Chipboard, Fiberboard, Blockboard, Plywood, Reclaimed wood.

1.Chipboard

Chipboards are made with wood chips and sawdust with addition of a glue and compressed under high heat and pressure to form a panel

Thickness available: 9mm,12mm,15mm,16mm,18mm,25mm (may vary as per supplier)

PROS

  • Cheap and economical option
  • Available in various surfaces and finishes
  • Environmental benefit: made from recycled materials

CONS

  • Prone to cracking
  • Ability to withstand screws or nails is not great
  • Not resistant to moisture

2.Fibreboard

MDF (MEDIUM DENSITY FIBREBOARD)

MDF is engineered wood made of residues/fibers of hardwood and softwood combining with wax and resin binder by applying high temperature and pressure

PROS

  • An economical and inexpensive option
  • Environmental benefit: made from recycled materials
  • The surface is smooth with the absence of knots unlike solid wood
  • Depiction like ceramic look like stone look like tile on MDF is easier than on solid wood.

CONS

  • Weaker than wood
  • Crack or split under stress or pressure
  • Not resistant to moisture absorbs water quickly than wood
  • Few varieties contain VOC, containing urea-formaldehyde which is harmful to the lungs.

HDF (HIGH-DENSITY FIBREBOARD)

HDF is similar to MDF but is harder and denser than MDF

PROS

  • Higher grade off MDF, harder and denser
  • Easily cut for various designs
  • Sustainable

CONS

  • Not as strong as solid wood or plywood
  • Absorb water it not treated properly.

3.Blockboard

Blockboard consists of

Core -battens which are placed edge to edge (usually made of softwood blocks)

Thickness of battens varies from 12mm to 25mm

Edges -thin veneer panels placed on top and bottom

Glued under high temperature and pressure

The direction of grains of core is perpendicular to that of edges.

SIZE-most common size 8’x4′

THICKNESS-range from 12mm to 50mm

PROS

  • Lightweight as the core is of softwood
  • High strength and durability
  • Holding capacity of nails is good
  • Stiffer than plywood so, less prone to bending
  • Highly resistant to warps and cracks than plywood
  • Preferred for places/furniture where lengthy pieces are used

CONS

  • Has minor gaps between blocks inside which cannot be seen from outside -nails can enter deep into gaps instead of battens.
  • Prone to moisture damage
  • Prone to termites because of gaps

SURFACE FINISH: laminated, veneered, melamine paper/finish, polish

4.Plywood

Commonly used wood types and are durable is the Plywood. Manufactured from sheets/layers (3-10) of cross-laminated veneer bonded with moisture-resistant adhesives under high heat and pressure.

The layers are placed alternatively at 90 degrees to each other.

Plywood is used in many applications from shuttering to furniture.

Core is made up of hardwood veneer.

Types of Plywood

Based on Type of Solid Wood

Softwood plywood (from Douglas fir, pine, cedar, etc.)

Hardwood plywood (made from teak, birch, oak, mahogany, etc.)

Based on Function

  • Marine Plywood
  • Flexible Plywood
  • Structural Plywood
  • Termite Resistant
  • Mr Grade-Moisture Resistant-commercial Plywood
  • BWP-Grade-water Proof Plywood
  • Firewall Plywood

SURFACE FINISH: painted, veneered, lacquered, laminated

THICKNESS range from 12mm to 25 mm.

SIZE: most common size 8’x4′

PROS

  • High strength and durability
  • Holding capacity of nails is very high
  • Uniform throughout its length and breadth
  • Less susceptible to damage by moisture
  • Resistant to warps and cracks

CONS

  • Expensive when compared to other boards-block board/particleboard.
  • Tend to bend from the centre when long pieces are used
  • Difficult to cut as it is heavy and has high strength
  • Prone to split from edges while cutting.

5.Reclaimed Wood

Reclaimed wood types are the wood that comes from dismantled old buildings.

Used as a second purpose regardless of initial purpose.

It can be used both unaltered or alternation with machines.

It is a green option to save the planet.

Can be used for various purposes: flooring, ceilings, beams, paneling, furniture etc.

Pros of Reclaimed wood

  • UNIQUE AND BEAUTY: As it is aged and weathered, adding character to the wood
  • ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY: Eligible for LEED building credits
  • DURABLE: Has strength even though it is reclaimed
  • HISTORICAL AND VALUABLE: Has history and story related to where it has come from
  • STABLE THAN NEW HARDWOOD

Cons of Reclaimed Wood

  • Difficult to find trusted dealers
  • EXPENSIVE: As it is sorted and prepared for the next end-use
  • PRESENCE OF TOXINS/CHEMICALS: Previous wood finish may be of chemicals and paint
  • TERMITES/BUGS: the presence of holes, bugs, might be present if not inspected properly
  • THICKNESS: May vary from 15mm to 30 mm depending upon species, pattern, supplier.

Barn Wood Cladding

Wood comes from dismantling old barns with unique texture and color

Mostly suitable for rustic style interior design

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