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A Brief Guide to Ceramic Tile Flooring

Ceramic tile is made from a mixture of natural clay, sand and water and shaped into different sizes and shapes. Once the ceramic tile has been shaped, it is burnt to a certain temperature.

The water absorption rate of ceramic tile is greater than 3%.

Ceramic Tile flooring is durable and extremely tough.

ceramic tile flooring

Pros of Ceramic Tile Flooring

  • Very durable and extremely tough
  • Polished tiles are water and stain resistant
  • Easy to maintain and stain resistant
  • Can complement any design style
  • Affordable
  • Water and fire-resistant

Cons of Ceramic Tile Flooring

  • Hard and cold surface to walk
  • May be heavy for upper floors
  • Time-consuming to install
  • Should not be installed outdoors

Porcelain Tile Flooring

Porcelain tile is harder and denser than ceramic and made with refined and purified clay. It is pressed at higher temperatures than ceramic tile.

Water absorption rate is less than 1%.

Density is pressed under 6000 pounds per square inch.

Pros of Porcelain Tile Flooring:

  • Water and stain-resistant
  • Highly durable
  • Hard, dense and resistant to heavy stresses
  • Fireproof
  • Low maintenance
  • Highly resistant to cracks

Cons of Porcelain Tile Flooring:

  • Expensive to buy and install
  • Tiles are heavy for upper floors
  • As they are heavy, more difficult to cut and install


Type of Finish

  • Textured: Surface with a variety of finishes.
  • Lapatto: Polished but not deep enough to attain the lustre of a full reflective polish. Uneven nature.
  • Glazed: Glazed tile has an additional layer of liquid glass applied to the top during the final firing process.
    • Nonabsorbent in nature.
  • Glossy: Have a shiny surface coating.
    • Reflective surface brightens up space.
  • Matte: Granular and hard surface, non-reflective.
    • Suitable for a rustic or traditional look.
    • Slip-resistant.
  • Unglazed/Natural: Do not have a protective coating.
    • Absorbs liquids and can be stained easily.
    • Natural and earthy appearance.
  • Honed: Surface polished in satin finish
    • Scratch-resistant

Sizes and shapes

  • Shape: Square, Rectangle, Hexagonal/Octagonal, Picket, Plank, Linear.
  • Thickness: 3mm,5mm
  • Tile Pattern: Geometric,Beveled,Brick joint,Floral,Honeycomb,Interlocking,Staggered.
  • Tile look:Brick,concrete,wood,stone,metal,hand-painted,subway.
  • Edge Type: Beveled, chiselled, flat, straight and wavy, pressed.

PEI Rating

  • It determines the hardness and durability of tile.
  • Usage level: no foot traffic
  • Only used for walls in residential and commercial spaces.
  • Usage level: little traffic
  • Wall and flooring areas such as residential bathrooms
  • Usage level: light to moderate traffic
  • Residential and medium commercial spaces
  • Usage level: moderate to heavy traffic
  • Residential and medium commercial spaces
  • Usage level: heavy to extra heavy
  • All residential, commercial and industrial spaces

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