Natural Stone Marble Flooring-Pros, Cons, Types, Installation
Natural stone – Marble flooring, Granite, Slate, Limestone, Terrazzo,etc. are the different types of Natural Stone flooring.
Natural Stone – Marble Flooring
- Marble is a metamorphic rock containing high amounts of quartz and crystal. It is Biodegradable and eco-friendly, Porous, softer than granite.
- Heavy, smooth, hard and durable
Advantages of Marble Flooring:
- Attractive and beautiful
- Different varieties of colors, polish and textures are available
- Durable and long-lasting
- Seamless flooring: as they are available as slabs, they can be laid with paper-thin joints to create seamless floor
- Adaptable to radial heat systems
- Translucent: allows light to penetrate slightly
- Inlay work: various designs with colored marble chips
Disadvantages of Marble Flooring:
- Soft and porous: not water-resistant
- Nonresistant to acids
- Can be damaged easily by spills and stains if not sealed properly
- Very cold under feet
- Available as slabs, veneers, tiles, cut to size
- Slabs: 4’x2’ to 9’x4’. Thickness: 20-30mm
- Veneers: ¾”,7/8” of thickness etc, As per standards
- Tiles: 300×300,300×600,400×400,600×400,600x600mm (not exceeding 600mm in its greatest dimension). Thickness less than ¾”
- Cut to Size: custom order as per design
Type of Surface Finish
- Polished: high gloss mirror-like surface-used in wall cladding, countertops, tabletops, fireplace facing and hearth.
- Honed: low gloss-used in high traffic areas, low maintenance areas.
- Flamed: textured surface, external use where slip-resistance is concerned.
- Sand Blasted: rough but tidy look, used in traffic areas
- Leather Finish: suede look and feel.
How to Install Marble Floor Tiles
Measure the dimensions of the floor and calculate sqft for the number of tiles required.
Order 10% extra for cutting and waste.
1. Prepare the surface
Prepare the subfloor for a clean and dry, flat and even surface.
When installing on concrete slab: clean with a wet sponge to remove any dirt or grime.
When installing on wood sub-floor: make sure the area is free from dirt and grime.
2.Measure and find center
Draw a reference line on the surface of underlayment, draw lines and mark the center.
3.Preview tiles in place
Starting at the center of room and way outward, lay a row of tiles along the reference line. Once the tile layout is decided, mix the adhesive/mortar/thin-set (as per supplier’s directions). Apply a thin layer of thin-set on the floor surface using a notched trowel. Use the notched trowel edge to create grooves which increases strength to adhesive.
4. Lay the tiles in place and set permanently. Continue the installation process by spreading thin-set and place it where desired. Position the tiles in place using spacers. (use 1/8th inch(3mm) marble tile spacers.)
5. Check the level of tiles
6. Measure and cut tiles with a wet saw to be placed near the walls.
7. Remove any excess adhesive/moisture between tiles.
8. Leave undisturbed for 24-28 hours for the adhesive to dry.
9. Mix and apply grout according to manufactures directions.
10. Clean the entire surface with sponge to remove excess grout from top of tiles.
11. Allow the grout to dry for 24 hours
12. Apply a tile sealer specially made for marble as per manufactures instructions.
In this article, you can learn about Marble Flooring. Links to other types of Natural Stone Flooring.